Introduction Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study. The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data.
In order to rectify the error, here is a nice clean post on the concept that adds a couple of further thoughts to the original formulation.
The original Shackel paper is intended as a critique of post-modernism. The writers of the paper compare this to a form of medieval castle, Argumentation paper there would be a field of desirable and economically productive land called a bailey, and a big ugly tower in the middle called the motte.
If you were a medieval lord, you would do most of your economic activity in the bailey and get rich. If an enemy approached, you would retreat to the motte and rain down arrows on the enemy until they gave up and went away.
Then you would go back to the bailey, which is the place you wanted to be all along.
So the motte-and-bailey doctrine is when you make a bold, controversial statement. Then when somebody challenges you, you claim you were just making an obvious, uncontroversial statement, so you are clearly right and they are silly for challenging you.
Then when the argument is over you go back to making the bold, controversial statement. The feminists who constantly argue about whether you can be a real feminist or not without believing in X, Y and Z and wanting to empower women in some very specific way, and who demand everybody support controversial policies like affirmative action or affirmative consent laws bailey.
Proponents of pseudoscience sometimes argue that their particular form of quackery will cure cancer or take away your pains or heal your crippling injuries bailey. In fact, some have argued that quackery may be better than real medicine for certain untreatable diseases, because neither real nor fake medicine will help, but fake medicine tends to be more calming and has fewer side effects.
But then once you leave the quacks in peace, they will go back to telling less knowledgeable patients that their treatments will cure cancer. The motte-and-bailey doctrine is a perfect mirror image of my other favorite fallacy, the weak man fallacy.
But this is evil. Therefore, religion is wrong and barbaric. Therefore we should all be atheists. So weak-manning is replacing a strong position with a weak position to better attack it; motte-and-bailey is replacing a weak position with a strong position to better defend it.
Then I can accuse you of making life easy for yourself by attacking the weakest statement anyone vaguely associated with feminism has ever pushed.
And you can accuse me if making life too easy for myself by defending the most uncontroversially obvious statement I can get away with. So what is the real feminism we should be debating?
Why would you even ask that question? What is this, some kind of dumb high school debate club? Nicholas Shackel, original inventor of the term, weighs in.An argumentative essay requires you to decide on a topic and take a position on it.
You'll need to back up your viewpoint with well-researched facts and information as well. One of the hardest parts is deciding which topic to write about, but there are plenty of ideas available to get you started. Turabian Writing Guide. The School of Divinity requires each student to submit their papers using the latest edition of Kate L.
Turabian’s, A Manual for nationwidesecretarial.comently write your academic. EUCLID Course syllabus from Elements database, for TPH Argumentation and Critical Thinking. Over the last ten years, argumentation has come to be increasingly central as a core study within Artificial Intelligence (AI).
The articles forming this volume reflect a variety of important trends, developments, and applications covering a range of current topics relating to the theory and applications of argumentation.
EUCLID Course syllabus from Elements database, for TPH Argumentation and Critical Thinking. Need a topic for an argument essay, debate, or speech?
The best topic is often one that you truly care about, but make sure you can backup your claim.